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It is widely believed among young parents that for the development of the child’s speech, you need to talk with him as much as possible. You can read such thoughts in books on child development or on the Internet, hear from pediatricians, etc.
If you are seriously interested in this issue, you may also have heard that children living in poor families hear much less words from their parents than children from wealthy families. This slows down their speech development.
From this we can conclude that parents from low-income families are to blame for the fact that their children are not sufficiently developing their speech skills. But there is another side to this issue: how much should one talk with the child so that his speech develops normally?
The idea that children from low-income families hear fewer words from their parents and because of this are inferior to their peers in speech development was first expressed by American psychologists Betty Hart and Todd Risley. This idea was propagated by psychologists and became an argument in favor of the fact that parents should talk with children from an early age. Continue reading
Many of us have seen the cartoon “Puzzle”. It shows the baby brain control room. The publicities of the child work so that he feels safe and happy. The plot of the cartoon becomes interesting when Fear, Anger, Joy, Disgust and Sadness begin to fight for control.
For example, when Fear takes over, the child cringes. When Anger is the main thing, the child begins to swear. So we understand that all these characters reflect the emotional experience of the child.
But such a model actually works. The cartoon pretty accurately shows how our emotions work. There are also whole areas of psychotherapy that use similar models. For example, one of the ideas of systemic family psychotherapy is that within each of us there are several parts, or subpersonalities, that interact with each other and determine our behavior.
Back to the cartoon “Puzzle”. He largely explains children’s behavior. Imagine a typical situation: a three-year-old child asks you for a blue cup that he likes. When you give him a cup, he becomes hysterical. If you ask him: “Why?”, He will answer: “Because you gave me a blue cup.” Continue reading
As you know, the perception of each person has its own individual characteristics. At the same time, it is common for everyone that we cognize the world with the help of feelings: hearing, sight, smell, touch, etc.
From a physiological point of view, each channel of perception works separately. We hear with our ears, see with our eyes, and touch with our skin. However, some people do not feel at all – this phenomenon is called anesthesia. If a person simultaneously experiences several sensations, this is called synesthesia.
Synaesthetes – people who are capable of synesthesia – have a greater, compared with others, and unique sensory experience. In the world, the number of such people is very small. However, in some cases, almost every one of us experiences something similar. We simultaneously use several channels of perception in the communication process, when our brain interprets various symbols (for example, pictures or emoticons in messages) or determines the meaning of the words that we hear from the interlocutor or choose in order to convey our thoughts to the interlocutor. Continue reading