Common problems of adolescents
Maria, the mother of 14-year-old Cyril, says: “My son returned home almost every day. He seemed moody and absent-minded, wore long hair, did not study well at school, and ate little. When I found a pack of cigarettes in his jacket, I realized that we had problems. ”
Adolescence is the age of change. Adolescents are vulnerable, they can develop bad habits, which in adulthood can develop into serious problems. Quite often, adolescents have problems with behavior, and parents can not do anything about it.
Consider what problems are most common among adolescents and what parents can do about it.
How to deal with the problems of adolescents
Adolescence is not easy for both children and their parents. The only way to cope with adolescent problems is to know everything about them and be prepared for them. Consider the most common problems teenagers face.
1. Physical changes
Physical changes in adolescents occur due to changes in their hormonal levels.
Girls form breasts, and at first it can cause inconvenience.
Girls are becoming aware of their figure.
The boys break their voice and facial hair begins to grow. This is the most noticeable change that occurs with them in their teens.
The main problem for teenagers is acne.
In adolescents, muscle mass increases. Sometimes this leads to overweight.
The body odor intensifies.
In girls, the menstrual cycle begins.
The best way to help your child go through this period is to tell him about the changes that are happening to him.
Explain to the teenager that body changes are normal. Every teenager goes through this.
Help the teenager adapt to the changes: acknowledge the changes yourself and help the child recognize them.
Teach your child a healthy diet and exercise. This will be the key to their health and good physical condition.
2. Emotional changes
Changes in the hormonal background cause not only physical, but also emotional changes in adolescents.
Adolescence is a transitional period between childhood and adulthood. Teenagers are often embarrassed because of this: they, as adults, have responsibilities, and like children, desires.
Teenagers are overly emotional (and this is also associated with hormones). Literally anything can make them happy, sad, or angry.
Teenage girls are too vulnerable and often cry.
Frequent mood swings are characteristic of both boys and girls.
Physical changes cause self-reflection in adolescents.
Children who reach puberty early may feel weird.
In adolescence, children are often aware of their own inferiority or, conversely, superiority over others.
In adolescence, children often have thoughts about sex. This can make them feel guilty.
Adolescence means constant changes in emotions. And this is normal. You can help your child deal with emotional problems.
Help the teenager take care of themselves. Tell him that it is normal to feel what he is feeling.
Encourage your child to exercise. Physical activity maintains the level of the “hormone of happiness” serotonin in the body, which is responsible for positive feelings.
Let the teen talk. Listen to him without judgment. Do not give him advice if he is not ready for them.
Talk with a teenager about how you went through adolescence. This will make it clear that feeling normal is what it feels like.
Motivate the child to do what he likes, as this will help him direct his emotions in a creative direction.
3. Behavioral changes
Emotions overwhelming a teenager can lead him to impulsive behavior, which, in turn, can harm him and others. Impulsive behavior is typical of children at this age and lasts throughout the teenage period.
Adolescence is the time when children seek independence. They question the rules laid down by the parents and do what they themselves think is right.
In adolescents, the brain develops intensively. This makes them moody and stubborn.
Hormonal changes in adolescent boys push them to physical confrontations. They also like to listen to loud music.
Striving to become more independent, adolescents want to try something new and take risks. This is manifested in careless behavior.
Sometimes peer pressure and the need to comply with the rules of their companies form bad habits in adolescents, which are then very difficult to change.
Teenage fashion often changes. Your teenager’s clothes and hairstyle may not appeal to you.
The most dangerous thing in adolescence is that a teenager can get in touch with a bad company and develop dangerous habits.
Lying is one of the most common behavioral problems among teenagers.