Stress in children: causes and symptoms
Many parents play with young children after a busy day to relieve stress. But do you realize that young children are also stressed?
Today, stress is an integral part of our lives. Chronic stress can trigger diseases such as diabetes, asthma, depression, arthritis, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. So stress manifests itself in adults.
In young children, stress manifestations of stress are primarily associated with behavioral problems: the child becomes moody or has difficulty learning. Sometimes stress in young children can lead to enuresis. If your child has these or other symptoms of stress, know: you can help him. How exactly – let’s try to figure it out.
Causes of Stress in Preschoolers
Stress is a person’s reaction to difficult situations at school, at work, in relationships with friends, family, etc. For preschoolers, stress can occur for various reasons. Consider the most common of them.
1. Separation from parents. Young children, when they are first brought to kindergarten, often experience anxiety and stress due to fear of separation from their parents. When a child has to explore the social environment without the usual support for him, this can cause him fear and anxiety.
2. Social pressure. Usually it is experienced by older children, but sometimes it is difficult for preschoolers to adapt to a new environment (for example, in kindergarten). They become shy and withdrawn.
3. Homely atmosphere. The situation at home greatly affects the behavior and habits of the child. Children who witness frequent conflicts in the family, the divorce of their parents, or the death of someone close to them often suffer from stress.
4. Other factors. Stress in preschoolers can occur due to disturbing news reports, illness, financial problems in the family, lack of parental support, etc.
Studies also show that preschoolers can be stressed because their parents, especially their mothers, also experience chronic stress.
Symptoms of stress in preschoolers
Consider several signs that may indicate stress in young children.
1. Underdeveloped speech skills.
2. Learning Disorders.
3. Poor concentration.
4. Memory problems.
5. Aggressive behavior.
6. The child speaks rudely with others.
7. A child cannot trust other people.
8. It is difficult for a child to make friends.
9. Regressive behavior (the child exhibits behavior typical of young children).
10. The child requires attention to himself and makes every effort to attract him.
11. The baby often cries or screams.
12. The child becomes hysterical.
13. The child is unsure of himself.
14. The child shows anxiety and fear.
15. The child is closed.
16. The child is irritable.
17. The child is afraid of separation from one of the parents.
18. The child has sleep disorders.
19. The child often has a stomach ache.
20. The child has a poor appetite, he loses weight.
21. The child manifests digestive system disorders.
22. A child suffers from nightmares.
23. The child suffers from enuresis.
How to help a preschooler deal with stress
By following simple tips, you can help your child deal with stress. These guidelines will also help you create and maintain a healthy relationship with your child.
reassure the child. Stay close to him and help him feel safe. If the child is afraid to remain without you in kindergarten, tell him that you are leaving for a short time;
talk with your child in a calm tone. This will help him cope with irritation and calm down;
Pay attention to the behavior of the child. If he is capricious and falls into tantrums, perhaps these are manifestations of stress. Maybe the child wants to tell you something by his behavior;
help your child express his feelings in words. But at the same time, mark the boundaries for it.
Remember that stress is an integral part of our lives. You can help your child deal with stress by showing love and support. If any of your efforts do not bring the desired result and the child is still experiencing stress, consult a specialist.